ROLE OF VITAMINS IN OUR BODY
Vitamins are very essential substances in our diet and they are also very important for proper growth, development and good health.
How you can say that carrots are good for our eyes?
Because we never see a rabbit wearing glasses!
# Vitamins can be classified into two categories based on their ability to dissolve in fats or water.
They are fat soluble vitamin and water soluble vitamin
Now we discuss each type of vitamin in detail.
FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS (CAN BE STORED IN OUR BODY)
The fat soluble vitamin are vitamin A,D E and K. They dissolve in fat and can be stored in our body.
- Vitamin A
Vitamin A or retinol is a fat soluble. It comes from beta-carotene in plants. When you eat beta-carotene, an enzyme in stomach turns it into vitamin A .
Vitamin A in carrots helps in night vision. Vitamin A helps you helps you see in colour too. In addition, it helps you to grow properly and aids in health skin.
A deficiency of this vitamin can cause poor vision in dim light or “night blindness”.
Food rich in vitamin A are:
Carrot , Pumpkin, Papaya, Eggs, Milk and Mangoes.
- Vitamin E
Vitamin E, tocopherol is a fat soluble. This hard working vitamin maintains a lot of your body tissues, like the one in your eyes, skin, and liver.
It protects your lungs too from becoming damaged by polluted air. And it is important for the production of red blood cells.
Food that are rich in vitamin E are:
Leafy green vegetables, wheat, sardines, egg yolks, avocados , nuts.
WATER SOLUBLE VITAMIN (cannot be stored in our body)
The water soluble vitamins are vitamin C and the B complex vitamins , they need to dissolve in water before our body can absorb them.
They cannot be stored and need to be replenished daily
Some water soluble vitamin are as follows:
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C is water soluble. It is chemically ascorbic acid. Vitamin C helps to bound cells together.
It helps in the use of calcium by bones and teeth.
It helps in wound healing and helps your body to resist infection.
A deficiency of vitamin C cause scurvy.
Food rich in vitamin C are:
It is found in oranges, lime, citrus fruits, green vegetables, guava, broccoli, strawberries, cabbage.
- Vitamin B
Vitamin B is water soluble. There is more than one B vitamin.
B12-Cyanocobalamin folic acid
Vitamin B helps to digest protein in your body and to oxidize food to produce energy from it.
It helps in the production of red blood cells.
A deficiency of vitamin B may lead to nervous disorder, beri-beri, dry skin, mouth sores, anemia and poor growth.
Food rich in vitamin B are:
Leafy green vegetables, whole grains like wheat and oats, milk, meat, curd, fish, eggs, green vegetables.
I hope that you find above information useful. For other health related information and updates, stay tuned